Title: A conceptual framework for the targeting and evaluation of UNICEF-supported pro-equity programmes
Authors: Jan Ostermann, Volker Grzimek, Kathryn Whetten, Donald H. Taylor, Thomas C. Ricketts
Date: October 6, 2011
The objective of this paper is to describe a conceptual framework for the selection of target districts for equity-focused interventions, to outline methodological approaches for the implementation of the selection process, and to describe options for the evaluation of the intervention’s effects on outcomes and equity.
In a hypothetical scenario, a UNICEF country programme is assumed to support a country’s government to deliver one or more interventions for up to 5 years in several of the country’s districts, subject to budget constraints. Child wellbeing with respect to the intervention(s) is measured by a single outcome indicator. The goal is to demonstrate improvements in the outcome indicator and reductions in inequity in the distribution of the outcome indicator within intervention districts and between intervention and non-intervention districts.
The objectives of this paper and an associated workshop are to outline methodological options to: 1) Identify the intervention districts;
2) Estimate the impact of a successfully implemented country programme on the outcomes gap between children in intervention districts and between intervention and non-intervention districts;
3) Simulate the effects of varying district selection strategies and budget constraints on programme performance;
4) Clarify which data are required to utilize the model and assess the programme’s impact with and without the availability of control/comparison data from non-intervention districts
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Designing household survey questionnaires for developing countries: Lessons from 15 years of the Living Standards Measurement Study
Abstract: The objective of this book is to provide detailed advice on how to design multi-topic household surveys based on the experience of past household surveys. The book will help identify define objectives, identify data needed to analyze objectives, and draft questionnaires to collect such data. Much of the book is based on the experience of the World Bank’s Living Standard’s Measurement Study (LSMS) program, established in 1980 to explore ways the accuracy, timeliness, and policy relevance of household survey data collected in low-income countries. It is part of an attempt to extend the range of policy issues that can be analyzed with LSMS data; to increase the reliability and accuracy of the surveys; and to make it easier to implement LSMS surveys. The books first discuss the “big picture” concerning the overall design of surveys, modules to be used, and procedures for combining modules into questionnaires and questionnaires into surveys. Individual modules are discussed in depth as well as major policy issues. The process of manipulating modules to form a better ‘fit’ in the case of a specific survey is examined. Specific modules include: consumption, education, health employment, anthropometry, non-labor income, housing, price data, environmental issues, fertility, household income, savings, household enterprises, and time use. The third volume provides draft questionnaires, referenced in the prior chapters.
Source: World Bank
Published: May 2000
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