Study Title: Income disparities in preschool outcomes and the role of family, child, and parenting factors
Authors: Kohen, D., & Guèvremont, A.
Abstract: Numerous studies have shown that children from more affluent families achieve higher scores on a range of preschool developmental and achievement tests; further, these benefits extend far into the life course with implications on later school achievement, employment and earnings. The early skills, such as proficiency in reading and mathematics, have also been found to be predictive of a range of social and health problems, including the likelihood of teenage pregnancy, engagement in criminal activities and increased substance abuse. In this paper, the authors attempt to go beyond illustrating differences in test scores between children living in low income families compared with higher income families, to include an investigation of whether the differences in outcome can be partly attributed to factors other than income.
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